The Armenians will also return the Lachin region, which holds the main road from Nagorno-Karabakh to Armenia. The agreement provides that the road, known as the Lachin Corridor, remains open and protected by 1,960 Russian peacekeepers. Stepanakert will remain under the control of the Armenian government. In October of this year, the two countries agreed on a ceasefire agreement, which was also negotiated by Russia but was unsuccessful. ? Express Explained is now on Telegram Azerbaijan`s President Ilham Aliyev said That Pachinjan had no choice but to sign the “historic agreement”. The agreement calls on the Armenian armed forces to cede control of certain areas they held outside the borders of Nagorno-Karabakh, including the eastern district of Agdam. This area has a strong symbolic weight for Azerbaijan, because its capital, also called Agdam, has been completely looted and the only intact building is the mosque of the city. The new hostilities between Azerbaijan and the self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh, supported by Armenia, began on 27 September 2020. Over the next six weeks, Azerbaijan made several territorial gains that led to the capture of the strategic town of Shusha and led the two sides to agree on a ceasefire agreement on 9 November 2020.  In accordance with the agreement, the two belligerents pledged to exchange prisoners of war and the dead. In addition, Armenian troops were to withdraw from Armenian-occupied territories around Nagorno-Karabakh by 1 December.
A Russian peacekeeping force of about 2,000 Russian ground forces was to be deployed to the region for at least five years, with one of its missions being the protection of the Lachin Corridor, which connects Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh region. In addition, Armenia is committed to ensuring the “security” of the passage between the mainland of Azerbaijan and its enclave of Nakhchivan by a strip of land in Syunik province, Armenia. The border forces of the Russian FSB would exercise control of the transport communication.   A Kremlin spokesman said that there had been no agreement on sending Turkish peacekeeping forces to the disputed area, but that the Turkish military would help entrust a joint observatory to Russian forces. In addition to the hatred between Muslim Azeri and Christian Armenians, each accuses the other of destroying religious sites as if he were cleaning the mountain landscape from the historical traces of the other culture. The Armenians rebuilt a church, the Cathedral of the Holy Savior, in the city they call Shushi, just to see how their roof was destroyed this fall. Azerbaijan says the conflict in the 1990s has burned down dozens of mosques. Nearly 2,000 Russian forces will patrol for at least five years on the road between areas controlled by Azerbaijan and Armenia, in line with the agreement brokered last week by President Vladimir W. Putin. The agreement confirmed Russian influence in the former Soviet South Caucasus and the arrival of the Russians was widely welcomed by ethnic Armenians who said they planned to stay in the part of Nagorno-Karabakh, which remains under Armenian control.
In Armenia, anger had already advanced before the agreement: 17 opposition parties on Monday called on Pachinjan and the rest of his government to resign immediately.