This announcement became a source of interest to Congress115, in part following statements by Bush administration officials that such an agreement would not be submitted to the legislative branch for approval, although the United States may have been required to provide “security guarantees” to Iraq.116 Several hearings were held at the 110th Congress on the proposed security agreement. At the end of 2007, Congress passed the Member State Defence Emerging Act, 117 In October 2008, Congress passed the Duncan Hunter National Def Authorenseization Act for fiscal year 2009. , which requires a report by the Chairman to the Committees on Foreign Affairs and Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate of Foreign Relations and Armed Services on any agreement between the United States and Iraq, which addresses certain issues, including security guarantees or U.S. commitments, the rights and status of U.S. forces in Iraq.118 Several legislative proposals have been presented. which would have required either submitting such an agreement to the Senate for consideration and approval. or by a legislative decree. The United States entered into SOFA with Australia and the Philippines after contracting with the countries concerned. In the case of Australia, the U.S.
Senate recommended ratification of the DEINS136 pact in 1952. In 1963, nine years after the ratification of the pact, Australia and the United States reached an agreement on the status of U.S. forces in Australia.137 The United States signed a SOFA with the Philippines in 1993, after concluding a mutual defence treaty with the country in 1952.138 Agreements with Australia and the Philippines thus differ from agreements with Japan and Korea. they invoke the general obligations arising from the previously concluded contract. , while the agreements with Japan and Korea refer to a specific authority (Articles VI and V respectively) in the underlying treaty. The deadly attacks on Afghan civilians, allegedly perpetrated by a U.S. service provider, raised questions about the Interim Agreement (SOFA) between the United States and Afghanistan, which would determine whether Afghan law would apply in these circumstances. Sofa are multilateral or bilateral agreements that generally define the framework under which U.S. military personnel operate in a foreign country and how national foreign jurisdiction laws apply to U.S. personnel in that country. In 1993, the countries signed a SOFA.104 The agreement was extended on 19 September 1994; April 28, 1995; November 29, December 1 and December 8, 1995.