International Agreement Endangered Species

In Australia, CITES guidelines are recommended and implemented by the Regulation of Exports and Imports, 1982. The Australian Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 lists endangered plants, including some common medicinal plants or those used in local medicine. Pandanus spiralis var. flammeus is used in bush medicine as an envelope in case of joint or muscle pain, as gargots in case of dental and oral pain, topical in case of scabies, skin wounds, furous, etc., and as drops in case of eye disease (Devanesen, 2000). Amyema scandens is listed as at risk; This is a species of mistletoe that may have been used for coughs and colds. A number of eucalyptus species used for coughs, colds, dysentery and wounds are also listed. Different melaleuca species have been used topically and in case of colds, fever and sinus problems. M. biconvexa, M. deanei and M. kunzeoides are considered threatened species and M.

sciotostyla is threatened. CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. The aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild fauna and flora does not endanger their survival. 3. Annex III shall include all species identified by a Party as being subject to rules under its jurisdiction for the purpose of preventing or limiting exploitation and necessary for the cooperation of other Parties in trade controls. Appendix II, some 21,000 species, is a species that is not necessarily threatened with extinction, but may become so, unless trade in specimens of these species is subject to strict rules to avoid exploitation incompatible with the survival of wild species. In addition, Annex II may contain species similar to those already listed in the Appendices. International trade in specimens of the species listed in Appendix II may be approved by the granting of an export authorisation or a re-export certificate. In practice, several hundred thousand Annex II animals are traded each year.

[17] No import authorization is required for these species under CITES, although some Contracting Parties require import authorizations as part of their stricter national measures. The exporting Party shall require a safe finding and an export authorisation. [16] Further considering that international cooperation is essential for the protection of certain species of wild fauna and flora from over-use by international trade, convinced of the urgency of taking appropriate measures to this end, agreed as follows: CITES is implemented in the European Union (EU) by regulations that apply directly to all Member States. Gorillas are listed in Appendix A (the equivalent of CITES Appendix 1). the regulations apply “stricter measures” than the convention; For example, the commercial use of Schedule 1 species, including public display, requires authorization. On the other hand, a cites can be moved freely between Member States without further import and export authorisations, as soon as it can be proved that it is legally in the EU. See EU (non-animated, permanently) and EU/TRAFFIC (2015). 2.

The export of copies of a type listed in Appendix I shall require the prior issue and presentation of an export authorisation. An export authorisation is granted only if the following conditions are met: Appendix III contains species for which a country has requested assistance from other CITES Parties to control international trade. . . .

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