www.shahmeerblogtv.ml/2020/07/2023-agreement-lozan-and-the-role-of-ertugrul-ghazi-urdu-hindi.html Among many agreements, there was a separate agreement with the United States, the Chester Concession. In the United States, the treaty was rejected by several groups, including the Committee Against the Treaty of Lausanne (COLT), and on January 18, 1927, the United States Senate refused to ratify the treaty by 50 votes to 34, six votes less than the two-thirds required by the Constitution.  Therefore, Turkey cancelled the concession.  Erdogan said that this year also marks the centenary of the beginning of the struggle for Turkish independence of 1919-1923. Treaty of Lausanne (1923), the last treaty concluding the First World War.